Grape is the name given to the oldest fruit species of the asphalt (Vitaceae) family, the Vitis-like herbaceous plant and cultivated on the earth. Its history dates back to 5000 BC. Small Asia, which includes the motherland Anatolia, is also a region covering the Caucasus. Compared to other fruits, it is estimated that there are more than 15.000 varieties of grapes, one of the species with the most variety. The varieties which are Anatolia Anatolia are over 1200. The National Collection Book, which was created from these varieties, is located in Tekirdag Viticulture Research Institute. Economic production of about 50-60 of these is done.